Osman Sagar and Himayat Sagar are 2 lakes surrounding Hyderabad which have a reservoir built on them that has protected Hyderabad from a flood for over a century.

A march 8, 1996 government order restricts the construction of factories or industries within 10 km of the reservoir. The reservoir was built in 1908 when Hyderabad saw a devastating flood. After that, the Nizam of Hyderabad requested the Mokshagundam Visvesvaraya, the administrator of the erstwhile Mysore kingdom, to make a reservoir. Till 1975 the reservoirs have used the meet the water needs of Hyderabad. But as Hyderabad expanded, it started receiving water from Godavari and Krishna rivers which are 200 km away.

Now the state government of Telangana has stated that the reservoirs now provide only 1.25% of Hyderabad’s drinking water. The government of Telangana repels the 1996 order and has allowed construction around the reservoirs. This new order has been making many environmentalists oppose this. “There is no logic in ruining existing facilities,” says Purushottam Reddy. Telangana’s chief minister says the decision will provide employment and lively hood. But come nature preservers argue that it will ruin the nature surrounding the dams and pollute the water. the government has also allowed building on the dam which might break it. This has not been the first attempt to repeal the 1996 order. The Telangana government tried in 2014 as soon ad Telangana was carved out of Andhra Pradesh. But it was unsuccessful. The government needs to stop destroying the environment just for more space to build buildings.

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